former World Conference on Religion and Peace
vormals Weltkonferenz der Religionen für den Frieden
Nuremberg Forum
Peace Education Standing Commission c/o Prof. (em.) Dr. Johannes Lähnemann, Lehrstuhl Evangelische Religionspädagogik der Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
Regensburger Str. 160
D-90478 Nürnberg

The Global Perspective

Aram, Kezevino: Sangamam: Inter-religious cooperation, innovation, learning and working for HIV/AIDS in India

At the dawn of India’s Independence, Mahatma Gandhi spoke of Poorna Swaraj. The concept of Poornam or fullness of life was beautifully prefixed to the notion of freedom by Mahatma Gandhi.  In his many addresses to the people of India, he emphasized that freedom has many dimensions and it goes beyond the immediate victory of winning political freedom.  This reminder is not time specific, for every individual, family, community or nation stands to benefit from this eternal call to realize the fullness of life.

The divides we speak about in modern India today are many ……yet in the first decade of the 21st century, there is a striking optimism about the emerging India. The country which only had (some say in a cynical way!) a past is beginning to be seen as a country with a future. The land of scarcities is being thought of as a land of opportunities…the land of traditional crafts is increasingly perceived as a land of Information Technology. This dramatic change is widely palpable in India. There is a similar change in the thinking about India in the outside world.

Swaraj  in Hindi  refers to freedom.

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Bajwa, Yahya H. et al.: "Making Visions come true" - Living Education, Peace Education and Social Projects

Prof. Lähnemann starts the website of the Commission work of PESC with the preamble of the UNESCO Constitution which states:

 "Since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defences of peace must be constructed.”

It is our duty to work for this aim. We have to struggle for a new world order, a new vision of a better world today - withequality for all. We have to do it today, not tomorrow – tomorrow it could be already too late!

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Bernardini, Adalberta / Bernardini, Armando:Italy: which dirction shall religious education take?

An historical Perspective:

In order to understand the present situation of religious education in Italy - and its future perspectives - it is necessary to make a very brief historical overview of religious education in the country.

-- Catholicism has been the state religion in Italy up to the mid-1980.

In fact Italian Law dating back to 1848 (Kingdom of Sardinia and Kingdom of Italy) and incorporated later into the Lateran Treaty (often referred to as Concordat) of 1929 stated in art. 1 “ Italy recognizes and reaffirms the principle established in the first article of the Italian Constitution dated March 4, 1848, according to which the Catholic Apostolic Roman Religion is the only state Religion”.

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Cabezudo, Alicia: Educating for ethical value and peace

In the late twentieth century many of the major dilemmas facing our world relate to issues leading us to ethical values,  peace and conflict: the spiraling arms race and the threat of nuclear holocaust; human rights violations; the gap between rich and poor countries, ecological imbalance, and cultural violence at the interpersonal, community, national and global levels. Such issues inescapability impact, in varying degrees, on our daily lives and on the consciousness of children at school and out of school, including their hopes, aspirations and dreams.

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Giacaman, Fuad: Hope doesn't disappoint

I have chosen as title "Hope doesn't disappoint" from the letter of Paul to the Christians of Rome (chapter 5, verse 5) - why? Because at the AEI we have faith in peace building and this belief is accompanied by hope and work in spite of the almost catastrophic circumstances in front of us. The inter-religious peace project which I will introduce in
this paper is called “Living in the Holy Land: Respecting Differences.”

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Kawamoto, Koichi: Educational program based on Buddhism for married women by Rissho Kosei-kai, Japan

1. The present situation in Japan
1) Current problems in Japan related to married women In an attempt to categorize the familial problems in Japan, we can notice the following: psychological uneasiness of child-rearing (violence, refusal to attend school, truancy etc.), problems between husbands and wives (domestic violence, adultery etc.), lack of stability coming out from thoughts of divorce, anxieties due to teenagers’ problems (possible seclusion for example), anxieties because of the fear of delinquency, as well as uneasiness due to problems associated with aging of the old parents of husbands and wives. Recently some murder cases were reported of children killing their parents and unfortunately, the number of such cases gradually increases. I think, there are analogous cases in other countries.

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The Interfaith Encounter Approach was developed, by the Interfaith Encounter Association (, as a transformative self-educational working tool for the building of true and sustainable peace and coexistence in the Holy Land, while focusing on the grassroots human level and including many and a wide variety of people from all parts of the political and religious spectra (i.e. outreaching beyond the regular, 'peace oriented' people who usually take part in this process). In the process individuals and communities interact, many times for the first time, in a deep and positive way. This interaction encourages its participants to profoundly acknowledge the humanity of the other and replace prejudices and fears by mutual understanding, respect and trust.

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Willenswaard, Hans van: Inter-religious learning: Principles, Projects, Practice

Within the perspective of inter-religious Peace Education, and more specifically the Peace Education Standing Commission (PESC) of ‘Religions for Peace’ (formerly the World Conference on Religion and Peace), the scope of activity undertaken from Thailand has been defined by ‘Environment and Development’. This was the, at that time, groundbreaking theme of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), Rio de Janeiro, 1992.
Ten years later, in 2002, the Johannesburg Earth Summit generated a new momentum for reinforced commitments towards sustainable development.
And in 2007 Climate Change has become the overriding reality that urges humanity to change its course.
Both in Rio and Johannesburg the world religions played a role, however secondary to the government and business sectors.

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Zovkic, Mato: Relations between Christians and Muslims in Bosnia-Herzeovina on the eve of new general elections

I would like to draw attention to some delicate problems of religious identity and national loyalty from the point of view of religious and ethnic communities in our country of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Religious identity surpasses the boundaries of an ethnic group or country, but in this region, where Catholicism, Orthodoxy, Islam and Judaism have been meeting for centuries, ethnic and religious identity mostly coincide.

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